The Taj Mahal (Persian: اج محل; /ˌtɑːdʒ məˈhɑːl, tɑːʒ-/; lit. 'Crown of the Palace', [tadʒ mɛːɦ(ə)l]), is an ivory-white marble mausoleum

on the right bank of the river in the Indian city of Agra. in Yamuna. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan

(r. 1628–1658) to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; It also houses the tomb of Shah Jahan himself. The mausoleum is the

centerpiece of the 17-hectare (42-acre) complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in ceremonial gardens, surrounded

on three sides by a gabled wall.The construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643, but work on other phases of the project

continued for the next 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to be completely completed in 1653 at an estimated cost of around

₹32 million, which will be around ₹70 billion (approximately US$1 billion) in 2020. The construction project employed around 20,000

artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect of Emperor Ustad Ahmad Lahori. Various symbols have been

used in the Taj to represent the natural beauty and divinity.The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for

being "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally acclaimed masterpieces of the world's heritage". It is considered by

many to be the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India's rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts over 6 million visitors a

year and in 2007, it was declared the winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.