Neuschwanstein epitomizes both the contemporary architectural fashion known as palace romanticism (German: Burgnerromantic),

and the fervor of Richard Wagner's opera, King Ludwig II.In the nineteenth century, many palaces were built or rebuilt,

had previously been undertaken in several German states and include Hohenschwangau Castle, Lichtenstein Castle,

Hohenzollern Castle and several buildings on the Rhine River such as Stolzenfels Castle. The inspiration for the construction

of Neuschwanstein came from two visits that Ludwig took in 1867 – one in May to the renovated Wartburg near Eisenach,

the other in July to the Chateau de Pierrefonds, which Eugene Viollet-le-Duc from a ruined palace to a historic palace. was changing.

The king saw both buildings as representatives of the Romantic interpretation of the Middle Ages, as well as the musical mythology

of his friend Wagner, whose operas Tannhauser and Lohengrin made a lasting impression on him.In February

1868, Ludwig's grandfather,King Ludwig I, died, freeing a considerable sum of money previously spent on the

abandoned king's appendage. This allowed Ludwig II to begin the architectural project of building a private refuge in a

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familiar landscape not far from the capital Munich, so that he could live out his view of the Middle Ages.