destroyed several times by the Mughal and invading Afghan forces. After Maharaja Ranjit Singh discovered the Sikh Empire, it was rebuilt in
marble and copper in 1809 and the sanctum sanctorum was covered with gold leaf in 1830. This gave the name of the Golden Temple.
government and a radical movement led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. In 1984, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sent in the Indian Army as part