Amer Fort or Amber Fort is a fort located in Amer, Rajasthan, India. Amer is a city with an area of 4 square kilometers (1.5 sq mi),located

11 kilometers (6.8 mi) from the capital city of Rajasthan, Jaipur. The Amber city and the Amber Fort were originally built by Raja Man Singh

and later, were added by Sawai Jai Singh. Situated on a hill, it is a major tourist attraction of Jaipur. The Amer Fort is known for its

elements of artistic style. With its large ramparts and series of gates and paved paths, the fort overlooks Maota Lake, the main source of

water for the Amer Palace.Amer Palace is a fine example of Rajput architecture.Some of its buildings and works have the influence of Mughal

architecture.Built of red sandstone and marble,the imposing, grand palace is built on four levels, each with a courtyard. These include the

Diwan-i-Aam, or "Hall of Public Audiences",the Diwan-i-Khas, or "Hall of Private Audiences", the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace),or Jai Mandir,

and the Sukh Niwas. A cold climate is artificially created by winds that blow over the water springs within the palace. Hence, Amer Fort

is also popularly known as Amer Palace. The palace was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas and their families. At the entrance of the

palace, near the Ganesh Gate of the fort,is a temple dedicated to Shila Devi, the goddess of the Chaitanya cult, which was given to RajaMan

Singh when he defeated the king of Jessore, Bengal, in 1604. (Jessore is now in Bangladesh). Raja Man Singh had 12

queens so he built 12 rooms, one for each queen. Each room had stairs attached to the king's room but the queens were

not to go up. Raja Jai Singh had only one queen, so he built a room equal to the rooms of the three old queens.