The first school lunches were served in Munich, Germany in 1790 by Benjamin Thompson, an American-born physicist, also known as Count

Rumford. Thompson spent his early days in New England but became distrustful as a royal during the American Revolutionary War and left for

England in 1784. In Munich, Thompson founded the Poor People's Institute, which employed both adults and children to make uniforms for

TGermans. army. They were fed and clothed for their work and children were taught reading, writing and arithmetic. Years later, Thompson

fed 60,000 people a day from his soup kitchen in London. Benjamin Thompson pioneered the institutional feeding of the poor and is credited

with including potatoes in the diets of the European poor, double boilers, kitchen ranges, baking ovens, pressure cookers, drip coffee

makers invented, which is its forerunner. Steam jacketed kettles, compartment steamers, and commercial ovens are used today for

school meal programs.In the United Kingdom, significant changes have been made since the introduction of school meals in the 19th century.

The first national school meal policy was published throughout the United Kingdom in 1941. This policy set the first nutritional guidelines

for school lunches, requiring a balanced diet that includes appropriate levels of protein, fat and calories.